In an obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) you have thoughts that you do not want: compulsive thoughts. You have to repeat yourself certain things: forced acts. You are afraid that dangerous things can happen if you do not persevere in these compulsions. OCD usually requires a psychologist or psychiatrist to help you further. By talking and practicing you can learn to change your thoughts and reactions to fear. This is called cognitive behavioral therapy.
What is an Obsessive Compulsive Disorder?
An obsessive compulsive disorder is described as an anxiety disorder. The disorder consists of two parts: obsessions and compulsions. Hence the name obsessive compulsive disorder (OCS) or in English obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD).
Obsessions are unwanted thoughts, images, drifting or doubts that are repeatedly in your mind; For example, you have been in contact with dirt and bacteria or suddenly tends to hurt others. These thoughts are usually frightening and sometimes so wrong you cannot share them with others. The obsessions interrupt your other “normal” thoughts and make you anxious. The thoughts also influence your ability to communicate with other people and ensure that you can hardly focus on study or work.
Compulsions are repetitive actions that get you feeling like you have to do them. Examples of this are; repeatedly checking a door to make sure it’s locked up or repeating a sentence in your mind to prevent something bad from happening to a loved one. The purpose of the compulsion is to try to deal with the inconvenience (stress) that has caused the obsessive thoughts. In this way, the fear you feel will decrease. However, always repeating certain actions is often very scary and time-consuming and the lighting is often only short-lived. The schedule below shows how obsessions and compulsions are linked to each other in a compulsive disorder cycle.
Obsessive Thoughts → Anxiety
Temporary relief ← forced action
Someone with obsessive-compulsive disorder always has recurring thoughts that he or she does not want. These compulsive thoughts often involve forced acts. You have to do certain actions yourself again. The forced acts must be carried out according to fixed rules. Someone with an obsessive-compulsive disorder is afraid that certain dangerous things can happen if he or she does not keep those compulsions.
For obsessive-compulsive disorder, the compulsive acts seem to reduce feelings of fear or gloom. Someone with an obsessive-compulsive disorder usually knows that the compulsive actions are excessive, but he or she still does it because he or she feels less fear and panic. You can have a lot of compulsive action. They can severely compromise your daily life and can also take a lot of time.
What are the symptoms of an obsessive-compulsive disorder?
Although anyone with the obsessive compulsive disorder has their specific compulsive thoughts and compulsive actions, there are several common themes to recognize.
Common obsessions (thoughts)
The three most common issues are unwanted thoughts about harm or aggression, unwanted sexual thoughts, and unwanted blasphemous thoughts. Obsessions are often closely linked to the individual situation. If you are a loving parent, you will be afraid of the ideas that your child is doing something, and when you are faithful, you will have blasphemous thoughts before. The few of the examples of obsessions include:
The fear that you did not know something harmful – for example, fearing that you have left the stove and that a fire can occur.
You imagine that you are hurting someone – for instance, thinking that you are pushing someone for a train.
Intrusive sexual thoughts – worrying that you are going to abuse a child.
Religious or blasphemous thoughts – for example, having ideas that go against your religious beliefs.
Smudges – e.g., dirt and dirt in the toilet.
Excessive symmetry and order – e.g., get restless when something is not right.
Illness and physical complaints – e.g. thinking that you have cancer while you have no symptoms.
Common compulsions (actions)
Common coercive actions are physical coercion such as washing or checking and mental coercion like repeating a particular word or phrase. The few of the examples of compulsion include:
Obtaining individual actions – e.g., turning on all light switches at home every time you enter or leave your home.
Touch – just buy items in the supermarket that you’ve touched with both hands.
Focus on numbers – e.g., buys all three.
Washing or cleaning – e.g., very often wash your hands to make you feel clean.
Check it – e.g., read it ten times before sending it.
Order – e.g., put all the food in the fridge in color.
Repeating a particular sentence or word – e.g., repeating someone’s name to prevent it from happening to that person.
Praying – e.g., repeating a prayer, whenever you hear an accident.
To counteract or neutralize a negative thought with a positive thought – e.g., replacing a bad word with a good word.
You think some objects or events make your obsessions or compulsions even worse and you try to avoid them. For example, when you’re afraid to get infected with something you eat and drink no more except in your own home. Avoidance can have an enormous impact on your life.
What causes an obsessive compulsive disorder?
Several theories explain how an obsessive compulsive disorder develops, but none of these ideas can give a full explanation.
According to this theory, the obsessive compulsive disorder results in dysfunctional beliefs and interpretations. People with OCD feel more responsible in certain situations than desirable. As a result, their reaction is also out of proportion. Many people experience sudden pushy thoughts, like pushing someone for a train. Most people experience this as a fleeting thought and do not believe that they will do this. Individuals with OCD, however, are sensitive to this type of mind and think faster than they will. This makes them anxious and afraid, and they will develop forced acts to prevent it from happening. This can start a compulsive disruption cycle.
Some psychological theories assume that personal experiences cause an obsessive compulsive disorder. For example, if there has been child abuse, the child may have learned to deal with fear through obsessions and compulsions. However, it does not explain why people without painful youth experiences can also develop a compulsive disorder. It may also be possible that one or both parents have known similar fears and also showed the same behavior (such as obsessive washing) and that you learned the behavior of your parents as a coping technique.
There are biological theories that suggest that a shortage of the substance serotonin in the brain plays a role in the creation of an obsessive compulsive disorder. However, experts do not agree on what that role is; it is also unclear whether a lack of serotonin is the cause of an obsessive compulsive disorder, or that an obsessive compulsive disorder causes a lack of serotonin. Research has also been done on genetic factors and how the different parts of the brain could be involved in the occurrence of obsessive compulsive disorder, but nothing has been found convincingly.
How does magnetic brain stimulation work in an obsessive compulsive disorder?
If you get a treatment with magnetic brain stimulation, you get a rinse in your head. In the coil, a magnetic field is converted to a magnetic pulse. The vibrations can stimulate or justify the activity in the brain associated with the obsessive compulsive disorder. This allows for better communication in the brain areas which causes compulsive discomfort. Treatment for people with obsessive compulsive disorder focuses on a different area (middle) than in depression (front right).
The treatment is aimed at acceptance: There are other opinions that there are more ways to perform a task correctly. It is important to know that someone may have many or all of the obsessive-compulsive personality disorder without a disorder. This is only the case if the person suffers severely from his characteristic, conflicts with his environment, and so on. It is often important to contact the Psychologist or Psychiatrist. I want to mention that supplements can make a great difference in your mood, behavior, and life, it will never substitute Psychologist or Psychiatrist treatment but it can be a wonderful Helper. CLICK IMAGE, if you want more Info.