The following are the various types of anxiety disorders and their definitions:
Gad (generalized anxiety disorder)
Social anxiety disorder
Separation anxiety disorder
OCD (obsessive-compulsive disorder)
PTSD (post traumatic stress disorder) and
Deepening each Definition:
Stress is a feeling of being under extreme emotional or mental pressure, and pressure becomes stressed at the point when you are unable to cope. A little stress is normal as it can help push people to do new or difficult things, however, too much of it can take its toll.
There are so many things that can bring about stress like relationships, money problem, and work to mention but a few. Stress can affect the way people behave, think, feel and how the body functions; from how well people sleep to their immune systems. That is really not a bad thing in the short-term, but in the long-term, stress can put people’s health at risk.
Panic Attack Disorder
This is referred to as a swift surge of overwhelming fear and anxiety. The heart pounds so fast that one can hardly breathe. One experiencing this may feel like he or she is going crazy or going to die. This attack if not treated, can lead to several other problems; panic disorder inclusive.
They may go as far as causing an individual to withdraw from everyday activities. Like they say, there is no smoke without a fire; panic attack can be treated, however, anyone experiencing this is advised to seek help as soon as this is observed. You can eliminate or reduce the symptoms with treatments and regain control of that life you ones had.
This is referred to as an avoidance and irrational fear of situations or objects. Phobia is different from GAD (Generalized Anxiety Disorder) because phobia has the fear responses identified with a particular cause. The fear may be acknowledged as unnecessary or irrational, but the individual is still unable to put the anxiety that results under control. The following are some types of phobias and their fear situations or objects:
PHOBIAS FEAR SITUATIONS/OBJECTS
Claustrophobia Enclosed space
Taphophobia Being buried alive
Gad (Generalized Anxiety Disorder)
This is a disorder that is characterized by chronic anxiety; exaggerated tension and worry, even when there is absolutely nothing to get it provoked.
Adams was always disturbed about several things. He always worried that his kid; Roy would drown one day when playing in the pool. Each time Adams leaves his house, he gets worried that there will be fire outbreak caused by an electrical short circuit in his home. He worries that Eve; his wife would be sacked from her job at the reputable bank.
These and many other worries weighed constantly heavily on Adams’s mind; to the extent that they made it extremely difficult for Adams to make decisions; and left him often feeling tense, worn out and irritable. On a particular night, Adams’s wife, Eve was to drive Roy home from his soccer game. Eve however stayed and talked with the other parents after the game, which resulted in her getting home 35 minutes late.
Adams had tried to get through to her through his cell phone about four to five times, but couldn’t get through to her because there was no signal at the soccer field. Extremely worried, he eventually made a call through to the police, convinced that Eve and Roy had not gotten home because they have been involved in a terrible accident.
Adams is suffering from GAD (Generalized Anxiety Disorder): a continuous state of uncontrollable, excessive and pointless apprehension and worry. Individuals with GAD worry about routines, everyday things often, even though the concerns are unjustified
Social Anxiety Disorder
Social anxiety disorder or social phobia as formerly called is characterized by persistent and extreme anxiety or fear and the avoidance of social gatherings where the individual could be potentially evaluated negatively by the rest.
The heart of the anxiety and fear in social anxiety disorders is the individual’s concern that he or she may act in an embarrassing or humiliating way, like appearing foolish, saying or doing something that may lead to rejection- like having others offended. The types of social gatherings in which people with the social anxiety disorder always have problems with include: having a conversation, public speaking meeting strangers, using the public restroom and eating in restaurants.
Although many individuals become anxious in social events like public speaking, fear, anxiety, and the avoidance experienced by an individual in social anxiety disorder or social phobia are extremely distressing and can lead to serious life impairments. Adults with social anxiety disorder are very likely to experience a low-level of educational attainments and lower earnings, these individuals are more likely to be unemployed and if they are employed eventually; they tend to perform poorly at their work places.
When individuals with this disorder are not able to avoid the aforementioned anxiety-provoked situations they tend to perform safety behaviors – behavioral or mental act that reduce anxiety in social events by reducing the chances of negative outcomes. These behaviors include the followings:
Avoiding eye contact
Talking briefly only
Rehearsing words before speaking and
Not talking at all about oneself.
Assuming roles in events that reduce interactions with others e.g., helping to prepare food, setting up equipment, taking pictures.
Asking so many questions so as to keep the focus off him or herself.
Selecting spots to avoid contact with others or scrutiny.
Putting on bland, neutral shirts to avoid drawing much attention
Avoiding activities or substances that might bring about anxiety symptoms like physical exercise, caffeine, and warm clothing.
This is the apprehension or awkwardness some individuals feel when they are approaching or are being approached by others. Unlike the introverts; who are energized only by time, shy folks desperately want to connect often with others, but can’t handle the anxiety which comes with the human interaction.
Separation Anxiety Disorder
This is a disorder in which a person experiences anxiety due to separation from people or home to which that person has a strong bond or emotional attachment with e.g. a caregiver, parent, siblings or significant other. This is very common in little children or infants, typically between 6 to 8 months to 4 years, it may manifest itself pathologically in older kids, adolescents and also adults.
The Separation anxiety is a normal part of the process of development. Unlike the SAD (which is indicated by excess anxiety), the common separation anxiety shows healthy advancements in the cognitive maturation of a child and should not be seen or considered as developing a behavioral problem.
OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder)
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a common, long-lasting and chronic disorder in which an individual has reoccurring, uncontrollable thoughts –obsessions and behaviors- compulsions that he feels that urge to repeat continuously.
PTSD (Post Traumatic Stress Disorder)
PTSD (Post-traumatic stress disorder) is a mental health situation that is triggered by events that are terrifying — either witnessing or experiencing it. Its symptoms include nightmares, severe anxiety, flashbacks and also an uncontrollable thought about the event.
Most individuals who go through this may have difficulty coping or adjusting, but with good self-care and time, they get better usually. If the symptoms increase last for several months or years; and interfere with the individual’s daily functioning, then he or she may have Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Known as manic depression also, is a disorder that brings about periods of depression and that of an elevated mood; the elevated mood is somewhat significant and is also known as hypomania or mania, depending on the severity or if a symptom of psychosis is present.
An individual during mania feels or behaves abnormally energetic, irritable or happy. People usually make decisions that are poorly thought-out; with little regards to the consequences. During the manic phases, the need for sleep is often reduced.