What is Bipolar Disorder?

In bipolar disorder, you are suffering from severe mood swings. Manic and depressive periods alternate. During a manic period, you are remarkably busy, happy and you do not want to make many plans. This excessive cheerfulness does not relate to what happens in your life at that time.

This also applies to a depressive period. Out of nothing, an extreme precipitation can overcome you. The symptoms of a depressed period correspond to those of a conventional (unipolar) depression. In the period between two extreme moods you usually feel and behave normally. Bipolar disorder usually begins in the 15th and 24th year of life.

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 Manic Depressed

 Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder and is also called manic depression. The two extreme moods, either ‘poles,’ alternate each other. There is no pattern in the origin and duration of the periods. Sometimes a mania or depression occurs in a day, at times an extreme mood gradually develops. The severity of the complaints also differs by the period.

Bipolar Disorder Type 1 and Type 2

There are two common bipolar disorders: Type 1 and Type 2.

  • Bipolar Disorder Type 1

A bipolar disorder type 1 is characterized by varying periods of severe depression and mania. Between these periods, your mood is predominantly stable.

  • Bipolar Disorder Type 2

A bipolar disorder type 2 is reported if someone has experienced hypomania and depression at least once, but has never had a mania. The happy and excited mood is hard to distinguish from ‘normal’ excitement. Also, the complaints are not so bad that your general functioning is disturbed. Thus, the severity of the mania in a bipolar disorder can vary.


Causes Bipolar Disorder

It is not yet known how a bipolar disorder develops. However, certain conditions are known, in which you are at greater risk of manic depression. It is usually a combination of biological, social and psychological factors. Mood disorder is similar to men and women.

  • Genuinely determined

 Two-thirds of people who are manically depressed have a family member with a mood disorder. Heredity thus plays a role in the development of bipolar disorder. If one of your parents has bipolar disorder, the chance is 10% to 15% that you are also prone to manic depression. The psychological and social factors thus affect the actual development of the disorder.

  • Social factors

Not only have the genes played a role. The cause may also be in stressful conditions preceding the mania or depression. You may think of relationship problems, the death of a loved one or many stresses at work. An intense event can then lead to manic or depressive disorders. Also, a profound positive event may be a manic depression, for example, the birth of a child.

  • Psychological factors

Certain character traits or patterns of thought may affect the onset of a manic depressive disorder. A lack of self-esteem or low self-esteem, perfectionism, or the inability to solve problems can cause bipolar disorder. This allows you to develop depressive feelings or to suffer from other symptoms of a mood disorder.

The Risk Factors Bipolar Disorder

Risk Factors

The biggest risk factor when one has bipolar disorder is substance abuse. Those who have mixed episodes are at higher risk for drug addiction because the need to feel balanced is not being met and they would do anything to make the mixed emotions stop.

Some drugs that are considered “downers” help relieve the symptoms of an episode, only to create more problems later. For example, when a person is experiencing a depressive episode, drugs such as methamphetamine and cocaine send them into a manic episode, many times followed by a severe depression and other psychotic symptoms while alcohol and tranquilizers send them into a depression episode.

Anybody close to the person diagnosed bipolar disorder who is using drugs needs to be extra cautious. When a person is using drugs and is experiencing an episode, they are not themselves and may be considered very dangerous, especially when the drugs wear off, and psychotic symptoms begin to show. This can range anywhere from delusions, such as: “I think they’re out to get me,” to blaming others around them for not helping them. It is advised that those associated with a person suffering from bipolar disorder to consider this as their cry for help and assist them in treatment as soon as possible.

Panic Attack can become a very Serious Disorder

Triggers for Episodes

Stress is the primary trigger for offsetting an episode. This can be a positive or negative change in someone’s life such as moving, getting fired, getting married, or a divorce. Should any severe changes happen in a person’s life who suffers from bipolar disorder, extra care and support may be necessary to ensure a successful transition.

As stated, substance abuse is also a primary trigger for offsetting an episode. While some who suffer from bipolar disorder may choose to turn to drugs to “cure” themselves, some may already be suffering from substance abuse. Any drugs such as cocaine or ecstasy may send them into a manic episode while downers such as alcohol may send them into a depression episode.

Symptoms of Bipolar Disorder

Bipolar disorder has many different symptoms because this mood disorder has two “poles.” In a manic period, characteristics are exaggerated and excited, while depression is a strong feeling of gloom. Sometimes the manic or depressive periods are even apart. In general, help is only sought if someone suffers from depression.

Common symptoms of mania and hypomania extreme outburst of mood being excessively happy angry and quickly angry agitated cannot sit still making arguments less need for sleep, wake up at night / sleep problems talk a lot, call, send messages thoughts that hurry all sides doing a lot and making many plans, cannot stop feeling like you can do the whole world.

More sense of sex, sexually unrestrained / Sexual problems impulsively do things without taking into account adverse effects, for example driving too hard or spending too much money psychotic phenomena, delusions or hallucinations

Common symptoms of depression

  • Depressed mood

  • Quickly irritated

  • being very tired or exhausted

  • being desperate, have no intention whatsoever

  • Little to no sense of self-esteem

  • Less interest in work or hobbies

  • Do not want to contact anyone, cancel appointments

  • Nothing to say

  • feel no emotions

  • thinking about death

  • sleep poorly or sleep a little, wake up early

  • eat less or just eat more

  • Little sense of sex

How to Overcome Shyness

Difference between mania and hypomania

A mania usually lasts shorter than depression. In a manic period, your daily functioning is often disturbed because you have lost sight of reality. We speak of hypomania if complaints are milder and no problems arise in operation. The environment usually does not see any deviation. In contrast to a depressive period, hypomania is often experienced as positive.


With the fiercer variant, the mania, you usually do not know that you have behavior other than normal. You lost the view of reality, resulting in irresponsible behavior. You make a lot of arguments or spend a lot of money; you do not realize the problem yourself.

Consequences of a mania

The unobtrusive and often impulsive activities usually lead to painful consequences. Because of the lack of mental health, you think better than ever to function. Anyone who indicates a mania can expect a lot of resistance. A mania, therefore, causes many problems in the social and professional field. At the end of a mania, you often feel exhausted physically and emotionally.

Desires and hallucinations

Some people suffer from psychotic or psychosis in a manic (and sometimes depressive) period. You are faced with delusions or hallucinations, causing you to lose contact with reality. In case of a hallucination, someone sees or feels something that is not really. Thus, voice in your head can give commands or comment on the behavior. In a delusion, someone has a conviction or an idea that is not true to reality. Someone in a manic mood can, for example, get grumble or become very suspicious.

Treatment of bipolar disorder

A bipolar disorder cannot be cured but is treated to treat a normal “normal” life. A combination of therapy and medicine often results in the best results. The directive for bipolar disorder indicates that manic depression benefits from psychological conversations and good guidance in the immediate environment. In addition, information and guidance for natives are important because their lives are also affected by someone who is manic depressed. Different treatments for bipolar disorder are listed below:

  • Psychoeducation

In psycho-education, you will get more knowledge about bipolar disorder and learn to recognize the symptoms, which provide more insight into the disease. This will help you to live better with the disorder.

  • Cognitive Therapy (CGT)

In cognitive therapy, you learn that mood, thoughts, and behavior are inextricably linked. The emphasis is on recognizing timely mania or depression.

  • ACT

ACT is a form of behavioral therapy and stands for Acceptance and Commitment Therapy. The therapy helps to reduce negative feelings. The ACT is a practical and concrete method of acceptance.

  • Psychomotor therapy (PMT)

At PMT it is about the interaction between body and mind that is being worked through the body. The treatment can focus on increasing body awareness and learn to listen to the signals of your body.

Medication to Treat Bipolar Disorder

While there is no cure for bipolar disorder yet, there are various ways to treat the symptoms and prevent episodes. Most help begins when medical treatment is enacted. There are many forms of counseling available, from group counseling to individual counseling. Cognitive therapy teaches the individual how to understand their disorder and how to make changes in their life through thought and behavior patterns.

If someone is suffering from bipolar disorder work 60 hours a week and goes to the bar to feel better every day after work, the cognitive therapist would see this as a road to a depressive episode and would help the individual to see and change this behavior. Family therapy has also proven to be a strong way to support loved ones suffering from this disorder. For many individuals with bipolar disorder, they feel alone and hopeless.


When family or friends show that they are not alone and want to help them understand and deal with their disorder, the support alone shows to improve their chances for a better lifestyle. These therapies help when the person wants help. As with anything, if help and the desire to better oneself are not present, it makes it very difficult to help that individual.

Medications have also proven to be a good treatment for those who suffer from bipolar disorder. Lithium is the most common treatment for bipolar disorder. Lithium is basically sodium. Sodium affects excitation or mania, and lithium helps stabilize the flow of lithium through their body. Although lithium has been used for years, half the people who have bipolar disorder and take lithium do not respond. An alternative to taking lithium is Divalproex sodium or more commonly known as Depakote, which also controls the levels of sodium in their body.

Olanzapine is also found to be very effective. It is an antipsychotic medication that works by changing the actions of chemicals in the brain. Olanzapine is also more commonly known as Zyprexa.
Although antidepressant medication has been shown to help they should be taken with a mood-stabilizer medication during depressive episodes since they trigger mania. Alternative natural products can be used to reduce the level of Stress that will trigger any of those episodes, as a natural product will not create any negative impact, but it’s always necessary to Consult a Specialist.

However, one thing to be kept in mind is that there should be support from family and friends so that the affected person may feel more optimistic and secure.

7 thoughts on “What is Bipolar Disorder?

  1. Hi Carmany

    Thank you so much for your kind and inspirational words I will keep posting content to help people that deal with this terrible disorders I wish you the best of luck and please share my blog and keep coming back, Best to you and your Family



  2. Hi I a very pleased that you like the site if read about my family my son, my wife and myself suffer from some kind of disorder and I know how hard can be to deal with those disorders that is why to decide to create this blog and share my experience and the things that I used and produce a great effect on me and my family. I hope you come back and share my blog because we need to Stop Anxiety and Depression, Life is too good to waste time and effort on those disorders, best to you

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